Various causes of his breakdown have been proposed, including tertiary syphilis and retro-orbital meningioma, a tumor on the surface of his brain behind his right eye. Ludwig Wittgenstein — is by reputation one of the greatest philosophers of the 20th century, and even outside academia his name has become synonymous with philosophical genius. He was the creator of at least two according to some interpreters, three philosophies of enormous influence.
His later thought in particular also influenced theoretical approaches in many related fields including theology , psychology , and literary studies , and his unconventional lifestyle and mesmerizing personality inspired artists, novelists, poets, musicians, and filmmakers, among others. At the University of Cambridge —13 he studied philosophy and logic under Bertrand Russell and became friends with G. After serving as a school teacher in Austria in the s, he returned to Cambridge in There his thought took a new direction, and by the mid s he had developed a highly original view of language as essentially embedded in social activities and of philosophy as the therapeutic dispelling of conceptual confusions engendered by misunderstandings of the ways in which language is used in everyday life.
His major works from this later period, all published posthumously, include Philosophical Investigations and On Certainty His oral examination was conducted by Russell and Moore, a ritual that both older philosophers regarded as absurd. At a meeting of the Moral Sciences Club at Cambridge in , Wittgenstein flew into a rage at a guest speaker, the eminent philosopher of science Karl Popper , and allegedly threatened him with a poker that he had pulled from a fireplace.
According to one version of the story, violence was averted only after Russell ordered Wittgenstein to put the poker down. Martin Heidegger — was the most important influence upon European continental French and German philosophy in the 20th century.
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He led the phenomenological movement, originally dedicated to the philosophical investigation of the phenomena of consciousness, in radically new directions, using its techniques to explore fundamental aspects of ontology the philosophical study of being, or existence and metaphysics , and he was a leading figure of 20th century existentialism.
Diakena and Thing in the Later Heidegger Conclusion Notes Bibliography Index. Privacy Notice Accessibility Help. Skip to services menu. Search by title, author, keyword or ISBN. Sign Up. View Larger.
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Series: Studies in Continental Thought. Language: English.
Brand new Book. In this stunning philosophical accomplishment, McCumber sheds important new light on the history of substance metaphysics and Heidegger's challenge to metaphysical thinking.
But Heidegger himself did not see how his conception of metaphysics opened doors to challenge the domination encoded in structures and institutions-such as slavery, colonialism, and marriage-that in the past have given order to the Western world. Seller Inventory AAJ More information about this seller Contact this seller. Seller Inventory Book Description Indiana University Press.
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